2. An optimised design for transport noise pollution reduction in the children’s area and recreation spots

Author: Mariya P. Grozeva


Over the years, the issue of improving the urban environment remains relevant, especially in the design of children’s playgrounds and recreation areas. In addition to the analysis of available vegetation and terrain conditions, the noise pollution of the environment should also be considered in order to take into account suitable measures for its reduction. The most effective ecological and aesthetic method is the establishment of plant barriers to reduce the noise discomfort. The aesthetically designed vegetative isolation barriers, in addition to the healing effect on the microclimate of the territory, also contribute to the visual aesthetics: bringing in decorative plant species that bloom, have spectacular foliage, have an interesting habit, or the delicate use of aromatic plants and those with phytoncide activity. In recent years, there has been a trend towards expanding urban areas and the concentration of population in urban agglomerations, which leads to many environmental problems. One of them is the lack of territories with trees and shrubs of the forest park type, providing acoustic and aesthetic comfort to the population. The ecological balance of urban territories necessitates a long-term ecological strategy for the creation of similar territories in the urban development plans.

Keywords: noise protection, vegetation in an urban environment, park planning