The aim of the research was to study the content of the basic raw nutrients in the fodders, to determine the actual nutritional value of the fodders grown in the central region of the Republic of Moldova, to conduct a comparative analysis of the state of the forage reserve for sheep breeding, and to develop proposals to improve its efficiency.
After data analysis, the effectiveness of the current state of the forage reserve was assessed, taking into account the features of forage composition and quality, and the rations were adjusted to the actual nutritional value of forage. The data on the overall nutritional value of almost all forage types were different from the published normative data, especially those on wheat corn and peas (respectively 11.03 and 11.19 MJ), in which the level of exchange energy was lower by 1.86 and 1.19 MJ. The analysis of the effectiveness of the forage reserve for sheep breeding (taking into account the data on the actual nutritive value of forage) revealed, that the structure of the annual demand of forage varies: by the content of roughage at the level of 3.59%, by the content of juicy fodder at the level of 3.90%, and by the content of concentrated fodder at the level of 0.31%.
The comparative analysis of the state of the forage reserve of a farm for sheep breeding typical for the central part of Moldova showed, that in order to improve the economic efficiency of sheep breeding, the building of a forage reserve should be made taking into account the features and quality of local fodders, and in full consideration of the factors and the level of forage production.