6. Influence of Temperature on Attachment and Development of Pasteuria Penetrans on Meloidogyne Incognita

Author: Harry Samaliev

DOI: 10.22620/agrisci.2009.02.006

Resume

In vitro and in vivo experiments in closed containers (method of Philips åt al., 1980) were conducted to estimate the influence of different temperatures (16, 20, 24, 28 and 32°C) on the attachment and development of a mixed population of Pasteuria penetrans on Meloidogyne incognita – race 1. The greatest attachment rate of endospores of P. penetrans occurred in second-stage juveniles at 28-32°C. The bacterium developed at a greater speed within its host at 24, 28 and 32°C than at 20°C. Mature sporangium was the predominant life stage observed after 36, 48, 84 and 120 days at 32, 28, 24 and 20°C, respectively. The body width and length of M. incognita females infected with P. penetrans were smaller initially than the respective dimensions in the uninfected females, but became considerably larger over time at 24, 28 and 32°C. At temperatures of 20, 24, 28 and 32°C, the average number of endospores per root system was 12.5×10 6, 27.4×10 6, 12.1×10 7, and 11.3×10 7, respectively.