Peculiarities of ampelographic traits of the table grapes of anapa's zesv&w breeding in the kriulyanskiy x cardinal combination
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DOI: 10.22620/agrisci.2016.20.003
Author: Nikulushkina Galina Yevgenievna, Larkina Marina Dmitrievna
The breeding work was carried out for a number of years at the Anapa's Zonal Experimental Station of wine growing and winemaking. The aim of this was to create the grape varieties adapted to climatic conditions of cultivation and resistant to diseases and pests, with high rates of productivity and quality of the products. As a donor of stability to mildew and to frost the Kriulyanskiy grapes of the Moldavian breeding was used. As a donor of quality and early ripeness the Cardinal grapes was used. The purpose of crossing of these grape varieties was the receiving of new high-quality grape varieties with beautiful appearance and increased resistance to fungal diseases and frost, of a high taste quality and early ripening term. As a result of the research conducted by us 16 perspective forms were received after crossing. Morphological, agrobiological and phenological studies of the selected forms were carried out using the classic methods accepted in viticulture. As a result of the long-term hybridological analysis the hybrid forms were selected, studied and reproduced in a vegetative way; these forms have a beautiful appearance of the berries and bunches, a high crop and a high quality of production, on the level of the European control grapes varieties. These forms received the names of the following varieties: Cardinal Anapa, Lunny, Taman, Zori of Anapa and Prikubanskiy. It is indicated that the selected perspective grape varieties of table direction can be used in the further breeding and genetic research. These varieties of grapes can be donors of such valuable qualities as the resistance to frosts, the elegant appearance of bunches and berries, immunity to mildew, productivity and quality of production, and it is important when it is necessary to create the new varieties of grapes.