Pathogenicity of the root-knot nematode meliodogyne hapla on potato in Bulgaria
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Author: Dima Markova, Hari Samaliev
Pathogenicity and host-parasite relationships of Meloidogyne hapla (local population from the Plovdiv potato growing region) on potatoes were studied under field and glasshouse conditions. Potato cv. Adreta showed a typical susceptible reaction to M. hapla. In potato tubers , M. hapla induced feeding sites with hypertrophied gient cells. Infection of roots by the nematode resulted in mature galls. The relationships between initial nematode population density and growth of cv. Adreta potato seedlings was tested under glasshouse conditions. Three-week-old potato plants were infested with 0 to 64 eggs/cm³ soil. Eight weeks after inoculation, green mass (shoot weight and height) was measured, nematodes were counted in the potato roots and soil and root galling was assessed. There was a negative correlation between initial nematodes densities (Pi) and growing of potato. It is estimated that a threshold limit for fresh shoot weight and height were 0,5 to 1,0 eggs/cm³ soil, respectively and the minimum possible relative values for fresh shoot weight and height were 0,65 and 0,25, respectively, at Pi=64 eggs/cm³ of soil. Root galling was proportional to the initial nematode population density. Maximum nematode reproduction rate was 56,4 at a moderate initial population density (Pi=8 eggs/cm³ of soil).